Comprehensive Plan

120 West Oxford Street

Floyd, Virginia 24091

Phone: (540) 745-9300

Fax: (540) 745-9305

Office Hours:

8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.

Staff:

Lydeana Martin

Community & Economic Development Director

Karla Turman

Planner

Subdivision Agent

Tabitha Hodge

Fiscal Technician

The document is lengthy because we have included a wide array of information, maps and analyses so that they might be weighed together. There is a two-page executive summary, plus you may go directly to any chapter of interest. Please note that the last page or two of each chapter is a summary of that chapter. The first 9 chapters are in many ways the “background” process and data of the plan, while chapters 10, 11 and 12 are the heart of it. You may see any portion of the plan by clicking on it below.

For any questions or concerns, please call Lydeana or Karla at (540) 745-9300 or email at lmartin@floydcova.org or kturman@floydcova.org.

Floyd County Comprehensive Plan

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PROLOGUE

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

CHAPTER 1. WHAT IS A COMPREHENSIVE PLAN?…1

CHAPTER 2. WHAT DOES OUR COMMUNITY WANT TO BE?…7

CHAPTER 3. WHAT ARE OUR NATURAL RESOURCES?…13

  • General Physiographic Features…13

  • Geology and Minerals…15

  • Soils…16

  • Climate…17

  • General Hydrologic Features…18

  • Forests…23

  • Wetlands and Critical Habitats…24

  • Land Suitability…26

CHAPTER 4. WHAT IS OUR POPULATION?…28

CHAPTER 5. HOW DO PEOPLE MAKE A LIVING?…38

  • Employment…38

  • New Jobs…48

  • Income…49

  • Agriculture…53

  • Tourism…61

  • Retail Sales…63

  • Business Survey…66

CHAPTER 6. WHAT ARE OUR HISTORIC AND CULTURAL RESOURCES?…72

  • Brief History of Floyd County…72

  • Historic Resources…73

  • Cultural Resources…76

CHAPTER 7. WHAT ARE OUR TRANSPORTATION MODES?…80

  • Existing Road Infrastructure and Travel…80

  • Future Road Infrastructure…86

  • 2035 Rural Long Range Transportation Plan…89

  • Transportation Policies…90

  • Road Maintenance…97

  • Alternative Transportation…97

CHAPTER 8. WHAT COMMUNITY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE IN FLOYD COUNTY?…100

  • Community Facilities Generally…100

  • Courthouse and Constitutional Officers…101

  • Administration…101

  • Public Safety…101

  • Medical Facilities…106

  • Floyd County School System…107

  • Montgomery-Floyd Regional Library…112

  • Social Services…112

  • Water Supply…113

  • Sewerage System…121

  • Storm Sewers…126

  • Telecommunication Infrastructure…126

  • Recreation…127

  • Solid Waste Collection and Disposal…129

  • Facilities for New or Expanding Industries…132

  • Energy…132

  • Community Activities, Volunteerism and Community Center…136

  • Future Community Facilities…136

CHAPTER 9. WHAT HOUSING IS AVAILABLE?…144

  • Housing Summary from the American Community Survey, 2005-2009…144

  • New Housing: 2000 to 2010…147

  • Housing Needs…149

  • New River Valley HOME Consortium…150

CHAPTER 10. HOW IS PROPERTY USED IN FLOYD COUNTY?…152

  • Historical Background…152

  • Existing Property Use…152

  • Subdivision Ordinance…159

  • Trends Affecting Property Use…161

  • Parcel Ownership…161

  • Available Building Lots…163

  • Future Property Use…166

  • Conclusions…174

CHAPTER 11. WHAT ARE OUR GOALS ?…178

CHAPTER 12. HOW WILL WE ACCOMPLISH OUR GOALS?…190

GLOSSARY OF TERMS…196

SOURCES…200

APPENDICES

A. Endangered, Threatened and Species of Concern in Floyd Area

B. Acreage and Proportionate Extent of Soils in Floyd County

C. Transportation Needs in Floyd County: Matrix by VDOT

D. Tools for Comprehensive Plan Implementation in Virginia

E. Public Roads in Floyd County